Primers have been used to prepare the surface of PVC pipes for bonding with strong adhesive. However, some construction workers choose not to use a primer or opt for cheaper alternatives.
So, do you really need PVC primer? You do need to use PVC primer before applying adhesive on a PVC surface. Primers start a chemical reaction that softens the outer layer of the surface and prepares it to bond properly. If you do not use a PVC primer, you might not achieve maximum bonding strength.
Keep reading to learn more about how PVC primers work, why you need them and how to use them correctly.
What Is A PVC Primer?
PVC primer is a chemical substance made from two main components which are acetone and cyclohexanone. Some brands of primers contain other chemical components such as tetrahydrofuran and methyl ethyl ketone.
There are various kinds of PVC primers that come in different colors. Some kinds of primers come in a clear color while others come in vibrant colors like purple or red.
What Is PVC Primer Used for?
PVC primers are used to prepare the surface of PVC pipes to bond with adhesive substances.
The majority of piping systems are made from PVC polymers. The pipes in these systems need an extremely strong adhesive to chemically fuse them together and ensure they can withstand water pressure for a long time.
So, PVC primer is applied to the joint connections between the PVC pipes before applying the adhesive that joins them together.
It works by causing a chemical reaction once it’s applied which softens the surface of the PVC pipe as it removes the glazed protective outer layer leaving a rough matte finish. This will ensure that the surface of the pipe can bond quickly and strongly with the adhesive substance.
Is It Necessary to Use A PVC Primer?
Construction workers working on small projects or DIY-ers might not deem it necessary to use a primer or they will look for a cheap alternative that will get the job done. However, it will not always give them the best results.
A PVC primer is highly necessary if you want the adhesive bond to achieve maximum strength. To put it simply, the higher the quality of the primer you use, the softer the surface will be and the stronger the bond formed by the adhesive will be.
Using primer when gluing PVC pipes is not only necessary but even mandatory in some states otherwise the project will not pass the standards set by construction inspectors.
So, if you’re working on a project that will be inspected, make sure to use a primer and choose a brand that offers a colored primer that will be easy for the inspectors to see.
If you are wondering what alternatives there are and when you can and can’t use them, check out this guide to using Acetone as an alternative to PVC Primers.
How to Use PVC Primer?
The most important thing to keep in mind when using primers is that they’re only effective when they’re wet. So, you need to make sure that the adhesive will be applied on the surface immediately before the primer dries.
You need to let the adhesive and primer set for a few seconds. It will take about 15-30 minutes for the bond to harden then about 12 hours for it to fully cure.
Another thing to keep in mind is that PVC primers and some strong adhesives release intense fumes when applied. These fumes can be very dangerous when inhaled in large amounts, so make sure you’re always wearing a protective mask while working and that you’re working in a properly ventilated area.
Can You Use PVC Cleaner to Prime a PVC Surface?
You cannot use a PVC cleaner to prime a PVC surface. PVC cleaners are used to remove contaminants such as grease, dirt, and oil from PVC surfaces. While it does help prepare the PVC surface before applying the adhesive, you still need to use a proper PVC primer to soften the surface so that the adhesive can bond strongly.
Can You Use Acetone to Prime a PVC Surface?
You can use acetone to prime a PVC surface since acetone is one of the main ingredients used to manufacture PVC primers. It can moderately perform the same function as a primer and soften the surface enough to bond with the adhesive. However, if you prime the surface using acetone only, the bond might not be as strong.
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